Project Category: PLANNING AND ANALYSIS
Project Name: Luštica
Project Location: Radovici, Montenegro
Date of Completion: In Planning Stages – Phase One
Detail Design Underway
Landscape Architect: Douglas C. Smith, PLA, ASLA - EDSA, Inc.
The tradition of Montenegro is the outcome of
countless cultural influences and conquests while its stretches of sandy beaches, historical places and a seismic history have resulted in
an almost immediate transition from high mountains to a deeply rutted
coastline. This richly textured
landscape and sense of outdoor enclosure, combined with a strong history and authenticity of place, provided the inspiration for the
planning and design of Luštica Bay.
The Landscape Architect played a key role in
creating a sustainable development vision for this 440 hectare
multi-phased destination which includes seven hotels, 1,600 apartments, 750
villas, a mixed-use village, school, medical clinic, two marinas, yacht club,
marine biology institute, conference center, and Montenegro’s first and only
18-hole golf course. A former military site, Luštica Bay takes advantage of the
infrastructural remains of the former facilities by repurposing several key
existing buildings for civic and community uses, preserving historic fort
remains, and saving existing mature trees and tree lined road corridors which
will be combined with thoughtfully aligned new roads that connect with the
fabric of the adjacent Radovici community.
A green space network and trail connections will allow pedestrians to move
through the site and access the conservation areas, coastal zones (Morsko
Dobro) and botanical gardens as well as agricultural, archeological and
community gathering spaces.
Luštica Bay is committed to creating and
operating a healthy and sustainable resort environment, whereby economic,
ecologic, and social aspects are balanced in the framework of every
decision. Throughout the design process, sustainability
issues remained in the forefront with special attention to preservation of
existing ridgelines and native vegetation, protecting archaeological remains,
maintaining the site’s natural hydrology, orientation of buildings, waste
management, reduced energy consumption, and the use of native plants and
regional materials. These green building principles not
only represent the most responsible of design methods, but remain consistent
with The Parliament of the Republic on Montenegro’s "Declaration of the Ecological
State of Montenegro”.
As a new resort community in an emerging
hospitality market, the master plan design of Luštica Bay intentionally draws
upon the local cultural, regional vernacular and the site’s unique terrain and
flora. The master plan sensitively
responds to landforms, ecosystems and historic village patterns to create a
contemporary expression of the regional heritage. These principles, related to both natural and
built environment, were outlined in detail through a design guidelines
document, prepared by the Landscape Architect to accompany the master plan.
The plan incorporates renewable energy
sources, preserves large areas of native flora and fauna, incorporates
energy-efficient architecture and creates a protected marine environment. Trees
are positioned to provide relief from the summer sun and protection from
chilling winter winds. Further innovations, such as a man-made lake for thermal
storage and irrigation supply as well as several public mobility options,
reflect the client’s commitment for having the greatest positive economic
impact on the region while respecting the existing natural environment.
Within the development’s built environment,
architectural massing has been carefully developed to create outdoor living
spaces, preserve view sheds and step buildings organically down the hillsides.
Interior spaces unite with outdoor spaces to create a complete design
environment that takes advantage of Montenegro’s special climate. Site grading
is carefully orchestrated so buildings feel tied to the earth and appear to
"grow out of the land”. Landscape steps
and walls link the architecture together both in a horizontal and vertical
sense. Site materials emphasize the
natural and complement the unrefined colors found in the soils, rock
outcroppings and landscapes of the property. Consequently the use of indigenous
materials such as local stone, clay tile, and wood are incorporated into the
structures, plazas and spaces, and designed on a human scale.
The Luštica Bay Development reinforces the
embedded traditions of the regional design vernacular and in doing helps raise
awareness of Montenegro as a hospitality destination – a distinctive place for
residents and guests.
Landscape Architect: William T. Estes, PLA, LEED
AP, ASLA - EDSA, INC.