Project Name: Rio 2016
Olympic Park Masterplan
Project Location: Rio de
Date of Completion: Competition
Entry - July 2011
Architect: Morris Architects | MorrisTerra -
Green Games Blue
Planet | The 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro is the City’s
opportunity to showcase its famous Carioca spirit while the World watches the
Games of the XXXI Olympiad. Rio de Janeiro’s many unique social and
architectural charms make it one of the most distinctive places in the
hemisphere. The design of the Olympic
Park utilizes these qualities through the use of line, form, color, material,
bold landscape and architectural character.
This Olympic Park Masterplan
embraces a truly "Rio” solution which reflects the rich cultural heritage and the
free-flowing spirit of the people of Rio. The vision of a Carioca youth running
on the beach became the Team’s inspiration for a metaphor of a young boy’s
aspirations of one day becoming an Olympian.
Olympic Masterplan | The
Masterplan takes inspiration from the culture of Rio and presents a bold,
functional, well-designed solution that reflects the culture and heritage of
the host country. The Olympic Plaza
stands as the jewel in the middle of the master plan and is the memorable
outdoor pedestrian space that the main gathering node for the Olympic Park.
Specialty fountains activate the space while Bosques of trees add punctuated
areas of shade relief and accent view corridors to the various venues allowing
unhindered spectator movement below. All sports and entertainment venues can be
accessed from the Olympic Plaza space. Sinuously curved pavement patterns are
the dominant design form at the ground plane alternating with large park like
landscape areas that define the clean, simple horizontal plane.
Logistics | The
requirements for securely moving the worlds greatest athletes, judges and
referees, media, sponsors, patrons, VIPS and 150,000 spectators are monumental.
The space required for them, and the temporary nature of some of the venues
provides additional challenges. The Olympic Masterplan has special facilities
and secure circulation ways for athletes, judges and referees, media and VIPS
separated from the general spectators.
The scale of the spectator spaces
required for150,000 spectators all at one time moving in and out of multiple
venues and event spaces day and night is extraordinary. Great care was taken in
the design process to provide appropriate free movement space in key areas,
while creating some sense of smaller scale in other areas where appropriate, as
well as access to the waterfront providing "a toe in the sand” for the Carioca
youth running on the beach.
Olympic Transition |
This master plan concept has incorporated not only sustainable design practices
for the Games, but has also taken into consideration the continuation of the
development of the property beyond the Games as a legacy of sustainability. The
Transition Plan will commence with the conclusion of the XXXI Olympiad and
Paralympic Games where temporary venues and facilities will be removed, and the
remaining venues will be become the new National Olympic Training Center.
Olympic Plaza and Waterfront will become public space where outdoor activities
will be programmed to activate the space. Materials used in the temporary
venues from the Olympic Games will be collected, saved, reused, or
recycled. During the transition period,
the maturing of the landscape and the marketing of the Olympic Training Center
as a node for athletic excellence will begin to build the foundation for a
highly successful future Legacy Development Plan.
Olympic Legacy Plan |
The Legacy Plan is scheduled to commence in 2018, where a new walkable mixed
use village will be constructed within the available parcels of land vacated in
the transition phase. These new neighborhoods follow a more traditional
urbanist form reminiscent of the old Barra area of Rio. The character and style
of the new neighborhoods will take on a more comfortable personal scale than
much of the recent development in Rio.
The master plan embraces the festive
Carioca spirit while following sustainable design practices that will yield a
more compact, higher density, vibrant, urban solution for the new Legacy
neighborhood. The Legacy Plan encourages walking, cycling, canoeing, running,
skating, social activities and a mixture of modern urban uses that support
daily life for residents and workers.
| As the design lead, the Landscape Architect brought together a highly skilled
team of designers, architects, fountain designers and engineers from around the
globe. The overall vision of the Olympic Park Masterplan was the responsibility
of the Landscape Architect and included planning and relationships of all
spaces, circulation flow, and venue massing. Throughout the process, the
Landscape Architect led the team in creating an energetic and memorable Games
environment that addressed the technical and spatial relationships necessary to
accommodate over 150,000 people per day without losing sight of the spirit of
the Olympic Games or its Carioca soul.
Lead Architect: Jim Pope, AIA - Morris Architects
Architect / Project Manager: Kenn Bates, ASLA, PLA
Designer : Daniel Kastelic - MorrisTerra
MORRIS ARCHITECTS – Orlando, USA / Master Planning
MINDLIN ARQUITETOS – Rio de Janeiro, Brasil / Leading Architects
ZOPPINI ASSOCIATI – Milan, Italy / Sports Architects
SANTANA PLANEJAMENTO E DESENHO DA PAISAGEM - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil / Landscape
SEICOR PROJETOS E OBRAS LTDA – Rio de Janeiro, Brasil